Research: Publications

African Peace Facility Evaluation - Part 2: Annexes

November 1, 2013 | Report


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Conflicts in Africa have had a massive impact on the fight against poverty, ultimately stunting the continent's prospects for long-term stability and sustainable development. Conflicts have also caused the deaths of millions of people, injuries and abuse to countless others and have destroyed innumerable livelihoods. Unless the root causes and underlining threats to security, as well as active conflicts, are addressed, the economic, human and social development of Africa will continue to be hampered. A comprehensive approach to peace and security in Africa needs a broad regional policy framework, covering different aspects of peace and security as well as clear and accountable role-sharing between the national, sub-regional, continental and multilateral levels.

When establishing the African Union (AU) in 2002, its Member States entrusted the organisation with a broad political mandate in the area of conflict prevention, management, resolution and peace building. The AU and the African regional organisations (REC/RMs) have since committed themselves to taking practical steps to address the challenges to peace and security through African-owned and African-led initiatives. The AU missions in Sudan/Darfur (AMIS) and Somalia (AMISOM) and the ECCAS mission in the Central African Republic (MICOPAX) are some examples of African-led peace support operations deployed over the past 5 years, often in a very hostile environment and in an extremely sensitive political context.

As a structural and long-term response to the African peace and security challenges, a comprehensive and dynamic African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA) was set up. The APSA consists of several components, structures and themes1, in particular an AU Peace and Security Council (PSC), which is the central AU decision-making body; a Continental Early Warning System (CEWS); a 'Panel of the Wise' (PoW), with a mandate in conflict prevention and resolution, and an African Standby Force (ASF) to be deployed in peace support operations. An Africa Peace Fund made up of AU member state and partner contributions is used to promote Peace and Security Department work. The African regional organisations (REC/RMs) are the pillars of the overall security architecture and regional components are key elements of the Continental Early Warning System and of the African Standby Force. The links between the AUC and the RECs/RMs have been formalized through the signature in 2008 of a MoU. In addition, APSA aims to harmonise, streamline and implement actions regarding cross-cutting and thematic peace and security issues such as SSR, PCRD, counter-terrorism, SALW, maritime safety and security, etc.

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