Research: Publications

African Peace Facility Evaluation - Part 2

October 1, 2013 | Report

By Nicole Ball

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This is the Final Report of “Part 2 of the African Peace Facility Evaluation: Reviewing the overall implementation of the APF as an instrument for African efforts to manage conflicts on the continent”. This evaluation was commissioned by the European Commission (DEVCO, Unit D4) and conducted between October 2012 and September 2013. The objectives of the evaluation were to provide an overall independent assessment of APF implementation and its results, and to make recommendations to inform the design of the next phase of the APF currently being developed under the 11th EDF (2014-20). The temporal scope of the evaluation covers the period 2004-2013.

In line with the overall EuropeAid evaluation methodology approach, the evaluation included an inception phase, a desk phase involving a review of key documentation and interviews in Brussels, field work, and a synthesis phase. The fieldwork commenced with the holding of a Lesson Learning Seminar in Addis Ababa and was conducted in seven countries where APF- supported projects or peacekeeping missions were underway. The focus was on two PSOs (AMISOM and MICOPAX), five Capacity Building case studies (the AU Peace and Security Department and four regional organisations, namely EASFCOM, ECCAS, ECOWAS and NARC), and two ERM-financed activities (the AU High-Level Implementation Panel in Sudan and AU/SADC support for the Madagascar mediation initiative).

The APF has been a game changer in terms of making possible a growing number of African-led responses to political crises on the continent. Since 2004, the APF has funded a number of major PSOs, including AMISOM in Somalia and AFISMA in Mali, which have been authorised and executed by the AU and regional organisations. By providing the resources for these bodies to act, the APF has enabled collective African security actions anchored in the nascent Peace and Security Council’s political role which has enabled it to be tested and put into action. In addition, it has provided extensive support for operationalisation of APSA which might otherwise not have occurred due to African resource constraints and variable commitment by African states to the APSA project.

These APF-supported actions have had a direct and positive impact on the lives of millions of Africans affected by political crisis and confirm the continuing need for and relevance of this instrument. These actions have also given the EU an important role in addressing conflict on the continent, with the enhanced political credibility and influence this brings, and have enabled it to add value in important ways to the peace and security actions of European Member States. Significantly, the core principles of Africa-EU partnership, African ownership, and African solidarity which underpin the APF have marked a departure from past interventionist policies by European countries. In particular, the APF’s development orientation has sent a message to African partners that the security of its nations and peoples should not be held hostage to the foreign policy priorities of outside powers.

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